The natural paradise in Belgrade
Between the Boulevard of Liberation, the Military Medical Academy and the Military Academy for the Training of Officer Staff, immediately after the bus stops 47 and 48, there is a spacious entrance into the wooded area of Belgrade after the Faculty of Organizational Sciences. Benches and playground for children open the Bayford Forest area in a very urban part of the city. From the entrance of the narrow track, used by citizens for running or walking pets, and children for playing and sledding in the winter period, they bend in two directions. The right leads to the Bulevar oslobođenja, and the left leads to different parts of the Serbian capital.
Bayford Forest adorns the city core with diverse greenery and bird habitat
Here the city crowd replaces the crowd of trees leaning against the trees, the roots (the oak tree) intertwine their bodies and go to the heights. Trails under the slope in the winter period are good for the children to descend to them, and this very one leads to the unreal Banjički stream. No talk of untidy and industrial waters polluted by the river. The trough of the water vein is covered with stone slabs, at the bottom and along the walls of the watercourse. Along the riverside thin ice flows rapidly and goes beneath the wooden bridge, further to the summer house in the direction of forest expansion. The stream springs on the south side of the forest and it is very fast, irresistible ice to form completely, and even the opal leaf to keep it in the trough. The impression is that the stream defends itself with its speed. In the basin of the Banjički stream, there is a lipolytic platan, a species of a giant size that is planted in the city core since it is well tolerated by fumes and air of poorer quality.
Although Belgrade is a city that, due to the two rivers on which it is located (Sava and Danube) and the wind of a basket, has a way for natural air purification, according to a research from 2016, one of the biggest pollution of the capital of the capital is the settlement Dedinje near the Bayford Forest. In addition to the above species, the abundance of forests is filled with maple, silver maple, acacia, poplar, marsh and a large number of low-altitude vegetation.
History of forest
Mostly broad-leafy, with Bayford’s forest, it was once, after the Great War, massively crushed and the area was used for growing vegetable crops. However, following the succession of the First World War, forests are voluntarily renewed. Low vegetation spread throughout the forest is the reason for a large number of different species of birds that inhabit their corners. Due to the great efforts of Timothy John Byford, the screenwriter and directors, and the great birdwatch lovers, the forest was proclaimed a natural asset and placed under protection. The prices are characteristic of the trees of deciduous trees. Also, the city rampart that surrounds the forest contributes to the wintering conditions of many species, so that in the middle of winter and frost, you can hear the pinching of the clover. A drozd, a village clover, a mouse, a hawk, a gray beetle and other species can be found in dense vegetation. There are data that a large number of 28 species of moss can be found in the forest.
According to the data of JKP “Zelenilo-Beograd” the total area is 41 ha, 58 a, 50 m2, and the forest itself occupies 40 ha, 63 and 18 m², while the road surface is 0 ha, 9 and 77 m².
Other names of the forest
In the past, the Bayford Forest was named Titov gaj, and between these two Banjička forests. It is a real proof that Belgrade does not only make concrete and buildings, that Belgrade has natural reserves for enjoying them right next to the busiest streets. Wooden summerhouses, benches, streams and a playground for children, a natural paradise.
The Bojčin forest between enjoying and fighting for freedom
Along asphalt road goes deep into the woods, a little further down the hill is seen only if it is completely dry and clear weather. Mostly oak forest is quite thick so that it can not be far-sighted in it, and every step in it must be light and solemn, full of fear and respect. Respect for those who in this forest and its clumps organized their struggle for the brightest value of man’s life and people’s freedom, freedom. The Bojčin forest in the town of Progar in the Belgrade municipality of Surčin is a place to raise the partisans’ uprising in Donji Srem during the Second World War. The underground shelters of
the fighters are in oblivion, but in one part of the forest next to the road, there is a monument on the edge: “In the summer of 1942, in this forest, the first fight in Southeastern Srem was conducted between the partisans and the Ustashas. 4. VII 1960th year Combat NOR fighters “. Also, on the road to Ashot, it is located not far from a small forest guard house with a sign: “This part of the forest since 1942. until the liberation served as a permanent bivouac of the Partisans’ staffs and units, and at the same time there were also the passages of the partisan base and the observation post of the border partisan company and the Srem detachment. 4. VI
I 1963rd-year Association of Fighters “. A dense landscape with poorly passable, stone-paved roads through the center of the forest explains the
favorability of the flora of this nature reserve to hide the population during the First and Second World War in its center.The forest occupies an area of 629.51 hectares.
The overthrow of Belgrade is a forest symbolizing the freedom of the Vojvodina Serbs
Since 1965, the forest has been placed under the protection of the state and along the entire forest, there is a wire fence and a board with the indication that it is forbidden to cut and destroy the forest. The forest
abounds with 185 species of different plants of predominantly high vegetation, although there are also many low plants and swamps that wrap around the oak tree trunks and make it a double layer of bark. The climbers’ hairs (herb creeps) create the impression of a hairy, rusty tree that is on all sides. Also, there are a large number of fungi of which 15 are protected, and even two are found on the Red Mushroom List of Europe. Of the species that can be found, and significant and beautiful to see are wild roses. History of forest King Alexander I Karađorđević used the Bojčin’s forest for hunting, as well as his successor on the throne after the Second World War. Given this fact, it is necessary to take into the normal free movement of cheese, rabbits, wild boars. There are “lisaste mangulica’s” (pig with white line) well as horse argue. Horses are especially interesting to guests and tourists because they can ride them. The luscious and muddy path leads to the place where the horses are closed. Nourished Lipizzaners are waiting for visitors to leave the forest and along the earthy road (muddy when it rains). Over ten throats eat corn stems and shafts, and what is within their yard is reflected in its visitors. From the beginning of the forest, there is a trim trail equipped with skipping devices and obstacles for passing, which makes a mild circle around the center of the left (by road through the forest) of the forest part.
The Bojčin’s Cultural Year is a 5-month-long event that takes place in the summer garden at the beginning of the Bojčin Forest at the entrance to the village of Progar. The program is varied, from poetic evenings and performances to male concerts of folk, pop and rock music, to jazz and classical music. The program is free but visitors have the opportunity to provide a voluntary contribution.